Dairy Complex Lipids

Complex lipids from the milk fat globular membrane such as phospholipids and gangliosides are bioactive components which deliver multiple health benefits to infants.

Phospholipid Concentrates

Our phospholipid concentrates are milk-derived complex lipid isolates produced by the extraction of phospholipids from milk. Milk-derived phospholipids are structurally more comparable to human phospholipids than those derived from vegetable sources and contain unique components important for infant development[1] such as sphingomyelin, which is not found in plants.

Our Phospholipid Concentrate 700 contains phospholipid levels 5000 times that of native milk, including high levels of sphingomyelin, an important phospholipid for cell growth and regulation. Our phospholipid products are suited for use in infant formula and nutritional products.


Our ganglioside products are milk-derived ganglioside concentrates suited for use in infant formula, dietary supplements and nutritional products. Ganglioside is the generic term used for acidic glycolipids (sugar containing lipids). Gangliosides occur naturally in the milk fat globule membrane both in human and bovine milk, and are integral components of cell membranes.

Fonterra’s Ganglioside 500 and 600 are excellent sources of mono-sialo ganglioside 3 (GM3), di-sialo ganglioside (GD3) and phosphatidyl serine. Each of these components has been linked to infant learning and development[2,3, † ].

Animal data further suggests that physiological levels of dietary gangliosides increase the ether phospholipid content of normal intestinal mucosa. This data points to a role for dietary gangliosides in helping maintain gut health and balancing the immune system[4]


1. MacGibbon AKH and Taylor MW (2006) Composition and Structure of Bovine Milk Lipids in Advanced Dairy Chemistry Volume 2, Lipids, 3rd Ed, (P.F. Fox and P.L.H. McSweeney, eds.) Springer, New York, pp 1-43.

2. McJarrow P, Schnell N, Jumpsen J, and Clandinin MT (2009) Influence of dietary gangliosides on neonatal brain development. Nutrition Reviews Vol. 67(8):451-463.

3. Reuda R. et al. Role of Dietary Gangliosides in Early Infancy. Nutrition and Biochemistry of phospholipids Ed. Bernard F. Szuhaj and Willem van Nieuwenhuyzen.2003.01-16.

4. E.J. Park, M. Suh, B. Thomson, K. Ramanujam, K. Steiner, E. Lien, A.B.R. Thomson, M.T. Clandinin. (2005) Dietary ganglioside decreases cholesterol content, caveolin expression and inflammatory mediators in rat intestinal microdomains. Glycobiology. 15 (10): 935-942.

† This statement has not been evaluated by the US Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.