Prudent use of antibiotics
Antibiotics must be used prudently with the aim to optimise therapeutic efficacy and minimise the risk of development of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotics must not be used prophylactically. Where antibiotics are to be used, they must be used for treatment of known infections under veterinary advice.
The prudent use of antimicrobials, particularly those identified as of critical importance for treatment of human disease, will help to make sure that antibiotics remain effective for the treatment of disease in the future.
Use of growth promoting hormones
Growth promoting hormones (HGPs) must not be used.
Use of recombinant bovine somatotrophin (rBST)
We do not support the use of recombinant bovine somatotrophin (rBST) to increase milk production.
Avoidance of close confinement
Pasture-based farming, where cows graze outside on grass, is the most common approach used in our supply chain. To qualify for our Grass and Pasture-Fed Standard, the cows on supplying farms must spend at least 90% of their time on pasture.
When housed, dairy cattle must have accommodation which is dry, well ventilated and draught free. Each cow must have sufficient space to lie down comfortably to achieve adequate resting time.
Tethering should be avoided wherever possible. If dairy cattle must be tethered or tie stalled, they must, at a minimum, be able to lie down and stand up unimpeded.
Avoidance of routine mutilations
Fonterra does not support the routine mutilation of cattle.
Routine tail shortening of dairy cows or calves is not permitted. Tails must not be docked unless significant medical conditions require this to occur. In this circumstance, docking must be undertaken under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Dehorning or disbudding at an early age must be performed with appropriate concurrent pain relief (e.g. analgesics or local anaesthetic).
Castration and shortening of the scrotum of dairy bull calves must/should be carried out at a young age with techniques which minimise acute and long-term pain or discomfort. When castrating animals over the age of six months, appropriate concurrent pain relief must be used (e.g. analgesics or local anaesthetic).
Fonterra only sources and processes milk and therefore has no direct involvement in the meat processing industry that covers the slaughter of animals for the manufacture and sale of meat products.
We expect all animals associated with our supply chain to be humanely slaughtered and this process should always include the use of pre-slaughter stunning, unless for religious or ritual purposes.
Fonterra’s policy is to not accept milk from cows that are cloned.